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A-Levels

Advanced Level Syllabi

-Accounts Syllabus

Form 5 & 6

The syllabus is to be covered in two academic years each one having approximately nine teaching months.

  1. ACCOUNTING CYCLE
  2. BOOK-KEEPING ERRORS
  3. INCOMES AND EXPENSES
  4. RESERVES AND PROVISIONS
  5. FINAL ACCOUNTS
  6. DEPRECIATION
  7. DISPOSAL OF FIXED ASSETS
  • PARTNERSHIP
  • PAYROLL ACCOUNTING
  • STOCK VALUATION
  • CONTAINER ACCOUNTS
  • BRANCH ACCOUNTS
  • COMPANY ACCOUNTS
  • HIRE PURCHASE ACCOUNTS
  • INVESTMENT ACCOUNTS
  1.  COST ACCOUNTING
  2. AUDITING
  • Internal Control
  • Auditors Work Papers
  • Audit Programs
  • Sampling and Audit Evidence
  • Audit Procedures
  1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
  2. COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING

 

-Advanced Math Syllabus

FORM 5 AND 6

  1. CALCULATING DEVICES
  2. SETS
  • Basic operations of sets
  • Simplification of set expressions
  • Number of members of a set

3.LOGIC

  • Statement
  • Logical connectives
  • Laws of algebra of propositions
  • Validity of arguments
  • Electrical Networks

4.COORDINATE GEOMETRY

  • Rectangular Cartesian Coordinates
  • Ratio theorem
  • Circles
  • Transformations
  1. FUNCTIONS
  • Graph of functions
  • Inverse of a function
  • Inverse function
  1. ALGEBRA
  • Indices and logarithms
  • Arithmetic progression
  • Geometric Progression
  • Other types of series
  • Proof by  mathematical Induction
  1. TRIGONOMETRY
  • Trigonometrical ratios
  • Pythagoras theorem in trigonometry

 

-Biology Syllabus

FORM V

  1. CYTOLOGY

1.1. The cell Theory

1.2. Cell structure and function

  • Eukaryotic & Prokaryotic cells

1.3. Organic Constituents   of cells

  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Enzymes
  • ATP
  1. PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION
  • Classification systems
  • Categories of classification
  • Nomenclature
  • Taxonomic keys
  1. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NATURAL GROUPS OF ORGANISMS

3.1.    Viruses

3.2.    Kingdom Monera

3.3.    Division Eubacteria

3.4.    Kingdom Protista

  • Phylum Rhizopoda
  • Phylum Zoomastigina
  • Phylum Apicomplexa
  • Phylum Euglenophyta
  • Phylum Oomycota
  • Phylum Chlorophyta
  • Economic importance

3.5.    Kingdom Fungi

  • Phylum Zygomycota
  • Phylum Ascomycota
  • Phylum Basidiomycota
  • Economic Importance

3.6.    Kingdom Plantae

  • Division Bryophyta
  • Division Filicinophyta
  • Division Coniferophyta
  • Division Angiospermophyta
  • Economic Importance

3.7.    Kingdom Animalia

  • Phylum Platyhelminthes
  • Phylum Aschelminthes (Nematoda)
  • Phylum Annelida
  • Phylum Arthropoda
  • Phylum Chordata
  1. COORDINATION

4.1.    Nervous coordination in Mammals

  • The Nerve impulse
  • Receptors

4.2.    Hormonal Coordination in mammals

4.3.    Coordination in Plants

  • Tactics
  • Nasties
  1. NUTRITION
  • Food Manufacture in plants ( Photo-synthesis)
  • Digestion in Mammals
  1. GASEOUS EXCHANGE AND RESPIRATION
  • Respiration
  1. REGULATION (Homeostasis)
  • General Concept
  • Temperature Regulation
  • Excretion

 

FORM 6

  1. TRANSPORTATION

8.1.    Transportation in Plants

  • Movement of Materials across the Root

8.2.    Transportation in Vertebrates

     9. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

9.1.    Mitosis

9.2.    Growth Patterns

9.3.    Growth and Development in Plants

  • Primary and Secondary Growth in Angiosperms
  • Seed Dormancy and viability
  1. REPRODUCTION  

10.1. Meiosis

10.2. Reproduction in plants

  • Fertilization
  • Seed and fruit Development
  • Life cycles

10.3. Reproduction in Animals

  • Fertilization and zygote Development in mammals
  • Birth and Parental Care
  • Life cycles
  1. GENETICS

11.1. Hereditary Materials

  • RNA
  • DNA

11.2. Mendelian principles of inheritance

11.3. Non Mendelian Inheritance

11.4. Mutations

     12. THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN OF LIFE

12.2.    Theories on the Mechanism of organic Evolution

12.3.    Evidence for Evolution

  • Paleontology
  • Comparative Morphology and Anatomy
  • Comparative Bio-Chemistry
  • Bio-geography
  • Selective Breeding

12.4.    Speciation

  1. ECOLOGY
  • Ecosystem
  • Methods of studying ecology
  • Population by Dynamics
  • Sustainable use of environmental resources

 

-Chemistry Syllabus

TOPICS FORM V AND VI

  1. GENERAL CHEMISTRY

1.1. ATOMIC STRUCTURE

1.2. ATOMIC SPECTRUM   (Hydrogen Spectrum)

1.3. MODERN QUANTUM THEORY

  • Quantum Numbers and Electronic Configuration

1.4. BONDING

  • Types of Bonds
  • Hybridization of atomic orbitals
  1. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

2.1. GAS LAWS

2.1. RELATIVE MOLECULAR MASSES AND DENSITIES OF GASES

2.3. RELATIVE MOLAR MASSES IN SOLUTIONS

2.4. TWO COMPONENT LIQUID MIXTURE

  • Immiscible Liquids
  • Completely Miscible Liquids
  • Distribution Law

2.5. ENERGETICS

  • Heat changes in Chemical Reactions

2.6. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

  • Law of mass action

2.7. CHEMICAL KINETICS

  • Order of Reaction
  • Catalysis

2.8. OXIDATION REDUCTION AND ELECTRO-CHEMISTRY

  • Oxidation reduction
  • Electrolytes in solution

2.9.    ACIDS BASES AND SALTS

  • Acids and bases
  • Ionic Equilibrium of Electrolytes
  • Ionic product of water and pH.
  • Buffer Solutions
  • Salt Hydrolysis

2.10. SOLUBILITY AND SOLUBILITY PRODUCT

  • Solubility product, Ksp, and Ionic Product,

 3.INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

3.1.    PERIODICITY

  • Periodicity
  • Periodic Trends in Physical Properties
  • Period Trends in Chemical Properties
  • Diagonal Relationship

3.2.    CHEMISTRY OF SELECTED ELEMENTS

  • Electronic configuration and oxidation states
  • Uses of selected Elements and their compounds
  • Hazards of selected elements and compound

3.3.    TRANSITION ELEMENTS

  • Characteristics of Transition Elements (Reference to atomic No.s 21-30
  • Complex formation and ligands

 4. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

4.1.    ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

  • Occurrence of Organic Compounds
  • Sources of organic compounds

4.2.    HYDRO CARBONS

  • Classification
  • Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes
  • Benzene and Homologue
  • Hazards of Hydrocarbons
  • Substituted Benzene

4.3.    DERIVATIVES OF HYDROCARBONS

  • Halogen derivatives

4.4.    HYDROXYL COMPOUNDS

  • Properties of hydroxyl compounds
  • Synthesis of hydroxyl compounds
  • Uses of Hydroxyl compounds
  • Hazards of Hydroxyl Compound

4.5.    CARBONYL COMPOUNDS

  • Structure and Nomenclature
  • Physical Properties
  • Preparation
  • Chemical Properties
  • Uses and hazards of carbonyl Compounds

4.6.    CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND DERIVATIVES

  • Carboxylic acids
  • Esters
  • Amides
  • Conversions

4.7.    AMINES

  • Structure and Nomenclature

4.8. POLYMERS

  • Concept of polymers
  • Types
  • Properties
  • Preparation
  • Synthetic rubber
  • Hazards of Polymers

 

-Commerce Syllabus

FORM V

THE SCOPE OF COMMERCE

  1. PRODUCTION
  2. TRADE IN GENERAL
  3. WHOLESALE TRADE
  4. RETAIL TRADE
  5. FOREIGN TRADE
  6. IMPORT TRADE
  7. EXPORT TRADE
  8. WARE HOUSING

FORM VI

  1. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
  2. INSURANCE
  3. MARKETING
  4. ADVERTISING
  5. BUSINESS UNITS
  6. BUSINESS CAPITAL
  7. ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN TRADE
  8. ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF A BUSINESS
  9. THE MODERN OFFICE
  10. BANKING
  11. TAXATION

 

-Computer Syllabus

FORM V
1. PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY

  • Software Development
  • Functional Specification
  • Designing
  • Implementation
  • Testing
  • Debugging strategies
  • Documentation

2. PROGRAMMING WITH A BLOCK STRUCTURED LANGUAGE

  • Identifiers
  • Constants and Variables
  • Control Structure
  • Input and Output
  • Procedures and Functions
  • Annotation

3. DATA TYPE AND STRUCTURE

  • Primitive Data Type
  • Linear Data Structure

4. ALGORITHMS

  • Introduction to Algorithms
  • Sequential and Interactive Algorithm
  • Sequential Search Algorithm

5. APPLICATION OF COMPUTING

6. PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY

FORM VI

7. PROGRAMMING WITH A BLOCK STRUCTURE LANGUAGE

8. DATA TYPE AND STRUCTURES

  • Linear Data Structure
  • Tree Data Structure

9. ALGORITHM

  • Search Algorithm
  • Sort Algorithm

10. APPLICATION OF COMPUTING

11. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

 

-Economics Syllabus

FORM 5 AND 6

  1. The Theory of the Firm
  2. The Theory of the Cost
  3. Economies of Scale

 

-English Syllabus

FORM V

  1. SPEAKING
  2. SPEAKING
  3. READING FOR COMPREHENSION
  4. WRITING
  5. INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE
  6. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
  • As an international language
  • Its Status and Role in Tanzania
  1. GRAMMAR
  • Morphene Root and Stem
  • Word Formation

6. LITERATURE

  • Literature and Language
  • Functions Literature in Society
  • Form and Content
  • Appreciation of Literacy Works Poetry

FORM SIX

  1. COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH
  1. STYLISTIC
  • Register
  • Formality
  • Spoken and written Language
  • Newspaper Language

3. GRAMMAR AND SEMANTICS

  • Clauses
  • Transitivity
  • Sentences
  • Semantics

4. INTRODUCTION TO PHONOLOGY

  • Intonation

5.LITERATURE

  • Novels
  • Drama

 

-General Studies Syllabus

FORM 5 AND 6

  1. Communication
  2. Culture
  3. Democratic processes
  4. Science and technology in development
  5. Environmental issues
  6. Social economic issues in Tanzania
  7. Man, philosophy and religion
  8. International cooperation

 

-Geography Syllabus

FORM V

  1. TOPICS APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN GEOGRAPHY
  • Nature of data
  • Types of data variables
  • Sources of geographical data
  • Statistical measures
  • Methods of presenting data
  1. FIELD RESEARCH TECHNIQUES
  2. POSITION, BEHAVIOR AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH
  • Atmosphere
  • The shape of the earth
  • The structure of the earth
  • The equilibrium within the earth (isostacy)
  • The plate tectonic theory and continental drifting.
  • The materials of the earth

 

  1. INTERNAL GEOMORPHIC PROCESS AND LAND FORMS:
  • Forces as Crystal movements
  • Earth quakes
  • Volcanic activity
  1. EXTERNAL GEOMORPHIC PROCESSES; SCULPTURING AND SHAPING OF EARTH SURFACE:
  • Denudation
  • Weathering
  • Deposition
  1. SIMPLE SURVEY AND TYPES OF MAP MAKING:
  • Essentials
  • Chain Survey
  • Prismatic compass survey
  • Plane table surveying
  • Leveling procedure
  1. TOPOGRAPHIC MAP INTERPRETATION.
  2. PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION

 

FORM VI

  1. WATER MASSES
  • Ground water
  • Inland drainage systems
  • Ocean and Seas
  • Coral coast
  • Water pollution and water conservation
  1. THE STUDY OF SOIL
  • Meaning of soil
  • Soil Profile
  • Soil fertility
  • Soil degradation
  • Soil conservation
  1. WEATHER, CLIMATE AND NATURAL REGIONS.
  • Weather and climate
  • Study of weather change
  • Climate change
  • Climatology
  • Natural regions
  1. POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
  2. REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES
  • Agriculture
  • Exploitation of fuel and power sources
  • Mining Industry
  • Fresh water and marine fishing industry
  • River Basin Development
  • Livestock Keeping
  • Manufacturing Industry
  • Transport and Communication

6. ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

  • PTA
  • ECOWAS
  • EUROPEAN UNION
  • EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY

7. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

 

 

-History Syllabus

Syllabus for Forms 5 and six

Three sections.

Section one: Origins and development of modern African states

Section two: Africa in world history up to 1945.

Section three: Major issues in world history since 1945.

Paper 1: Origins and development of modern African states

  1. Pre-colonial social formations
  2. Establishment of colonialism
  3. The colonial economy up to 1945
  4. Colonial social services up to 1945
  5. Colonial bureaucracy up to 1945
  6. Impact of the second world war
  7. Nationalism and the struggle for independence
  8. Political and economic development since independence

 Paper 2: Africa world history up to 1945

  1. Africa and Europe in the fifteenth century
  2. The rise of capitalism in Europe
  3. Imperialism and the colonization of Africa
  4. Africa and the crises in capitalism
  5. Africa and rise of socialism
  6. Black people in the new world

  Paper 3: Major issues in world history since 1945

  1. New imperialism and the dominance of America
  2. Consolidation of socialism
  3. The crisis of socialism as a worldwide system from late 1980’s
  4. The rise of China
  5. Socialism in other third world countries
  6. Neo-colonialism  and the problem of under development
  7. International cooperation
  8. World peace

 

 

-Kiswahili Syllabus

  • HISTORIA YA KISWAHILI
  • FASIHI KWA JUMLA
  • FASIHI SIMULIZI
  • FASIHI ANDISHI
  • SARUFI
  • UFAHAMU NA UFUPISHO
  • UTUNGAJI
  • UTUMIZI WA LUGHA

 

-Physics Syllabus

FORM V TOPICS

  1. ERRORS
  2. DIMENSIONS OF PHYSICAL QUANTITIES
  3. MECHANICS
  • Projectiles
  • Newton’s laws of motion
  • Uniform circular motion
  • Rotation of rigid bodies
  • Gravitation
  • Simple harmonic motion (SHM)
  • Surface tension
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Strength of materials
  1. HEAT
  • Thermometer
  • Thermal Conduction
  • Thermal Convection
  • Thermal radiation
  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • First law of Thermodynamics
  1. WAVES
  • Mechanical Vibration
  • Sound
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Nature of waves
  • Diffraction
  • Polarization of light

 

FORM VI TOPICS

1.ELECTROSTATICS

  • Coulomb’s law
  • Electric field intensity
  • Electric potential
  • Van de Graaf generator
  • Capacitance

2.CURRENT ELECTRICITY

  • Electric conduction in metals
  • Conduction of electricity electrolytes
  • Electric conduction in gases

3.ELECTROMAGNETISM

  • Magnetic fields
  • Magnetic properties of materials
  • Magnetic forces
  • Induced Emf
  • A.C theory

4.ELECTRONICS

  • Energy bands in solids
  • Semiconductors
  • Transistor

5.STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM

  • Electron
  • Bohr’s model of the hydrogen atom
  • Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) and Magnetic Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (MASER)
  • Quantum Physics
  • Nuclear Physics

6. GEOPHYSICS

  • The atmosphere
  • Earth quakes and volcanoes
  • Magnetic field of the earth